Social services & welfare

Social Rehabilitation

  1. Establishing Social Centre or Drop in Centre
  2. Educational Support
  3. Provision of Health and Medical Service
  4. Life Skill Support for Targeted Children
  5. Training for OVC on Practical Skills or Training
  6. Microcredit Service

The increase in the number orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) is one of the major social problems in Ethiopia and requires particular attention and care. Orphan and vulnerable children in Ethiopia face different types of social, psychological and economic problems. However, both the public and the government have done very little to minimise these difficulties either through rehabilitation mechanism or other means.

Street children are considered a vulnerable group. They are mainly located in major urban centers and occasionally in small emerging towns. A number of studies conducted in major towns of Ethiopia indicate that there are about 100,000 or more street children. A UNICEF projected study estimates the number of street children in Ethiopia up to185,000.

The causes for the increase in the number of OVC, and particularly that of street children are complex and diverse. Some of the major reasons that force children to live and work in the streets include: poverty situation of the families, death of parents, displacement, family breakdown, delinquent behavior of children, rural - urban migration and the weakening of traditional social support mechanisms.

ECC-SDCOH provides a range of social services and capacity building support to OVCs to improve their lives.

The support provided by ECC-SDCOH for OVCs includes:

1. Establishing social centre or drop-in centre

ECC-SDCOH establishes a social center that enables to provide cultural, educational and basic social services for children and the community. Some services to be provided by the centre include:

  • Shower and laundry service
  • Provision of tutorial classes and non-formal education
  • Library and resource center
  • Training, practicing and performances of traditional and modern music, dance and dramas.
  • Provision of indoor and outdoor sport facilities and establishing clubs
  • Screening of educational and recreational video films

2.Educational Support

School reintegration and educational support

ECC-SDCOH supports OVCs through providing stationery materials, school uniforms, and through payment of monthly school fees for night-time students.

Non- formal education

Non-formal education will be organised and provided for OVCs in the social center on regular basis. The non-formal education is mainly provided to individuals who have not had the chance to be enrolled in the formal school system, and to those who do not have the time to regularly attend formal education.

Tutorial Classes

The objective of the tutorial classes is to increase and improve the students' potential and understanding on the subject in which they are found to be performing poorly or achieving low grade points at school. The service is organised by experienced school teachers who are qualified to provide support and to improve the students' method of study and retention capacity.

3. Life-skill support for targeted children

Life-skill support is an important component of the project intended to provide the children with both psychological and social support which enables them to develop both socially and mentally. To initiate the socialisation of children the ECC-SDCOH facilitates social interaction activities like role play, indoor and outdoor games, film shows and celebration of holy days at the social centers. ECC-SDCOH also facilitates guidance and counselling service by part-time professional and trained para-counsellors.

4. Provision of health and medical service

Curative medical care

Most OVCs, particularly street children, face different health problems for different reasons. Some of the problems are associated with poor personal hygiene, poor diet and other related issues. ECC-SDCOH, hence, will facilitate free medical care for children who may have basic health problems that could only be treated at local health institutions level.

Education and training on reproductive health and HIV/AIDS

ECC-SDCOH works on raising awareness, education and training on reproductive health and HIV/AIDS for all sections of the society. It organises different awareness raising events, educational programs and workshops for OVCs and the community members

5. Training for OVCs on practical skills or vocational training

The proposed vocational training skills will be organised only for OVCs who are above the age of 15. The skill trainings includes training on practical skills for up to 12 months. ECC-SDCOH facilitates and provides food and work clothes during the training period.

Some of the practical skill training types which are identified by the children, the community and other stakeholders are:

  • Wood work
  • Metal work
  • Hallow block and brick making 
  • Mechanic or vehicle repairing
  • Hotel and catering
  • Hair dressing and Barberry

6. Microcredit service

In order to assist households to establish income generation activities and improve their entrepreneurship skills, ECC-SDCOH facilitates the establishment of saving and credit groups (through revolving fund scheme) for families of OVCs who have the experience and skills working on income generation and small scale businesses. The credit service will be available for families that have organised themselves in saving and credit cooperatives in line with the government cooperative and small-scale business promotion policy and guidelines. In addition to the families of the children, those children who have participated in skill training and organized in saving and credit cooperatives will be themselves eligible for the credit service.


Page last updated 22 Feb 2011